The IFCW/FILC always put forward a particular sport spirit. Thus, it is said that, in a particular country or region, its policy must be done in harmony with the general setting for the promotion of the culture of this country or region, with wrestling as an element of this culture; or that the sporting part of the competitions is not more important than the human meeting beside the championship; that to win is not the most important thing.
The traditional culture of the hosting federation is also always put forward at the time of the meetings (music, dance, gastronomy, etc.), as an integral part of the events, with active involvement of the delegations and not solely as a folk spectacle. The present members of the IFCW and their style are listed here.
Baranta of Hungary
Baranta, a continuously-developing martial art, was first created when combat and fighting techniques that had been applied throughout Hungarian history were collected, and at the same time an attempt was made to amass and categorize all the different movements and motions found in the Hungarian physical-culture.
Baranta is a constantly-shaping independent philosophical movement, which gains its knowledge from the Hungarian folk-culture otherwise known as “social psychology” or “folk psychology” (Sándor Karácsony being one of its founders and most quoted writers). The word “Baranta” is known to have many meanings: competing with weapons, a challenge, training to fight, and legally applied violence or applying force.
The uniformity within the Baranta movement is due to the fact that the source of its knowledge is the Hungarian culture as a whole, which provides a direct connection, based on traditions and heritage, to the Hungarian social structure and includes intellectual elements. Training and personality-forming methods of Hungarian warrior communities, who had compiled a great amount of knowledge of fighting skills, have been around for at least 1300 years. Hungarian social groups had to fulfill the tasks of self-defense, farming, and at the same time forms of worship. “Preparing” the members of the community was a basic task in this society.
In the middle of the 19th century, the world went through a “revolution of physical-culture”. As a result of these changes the modern well-known sports, combat-sports and a new system of fighting came into existence. Three basic forms of “physical-culture” appeared: the German gymnastics movement, the Anglo-Saxon “gentlemen sports” with their ancient Greek origins, and movements, whose goal it was to develop folk-games, dancing and fighting competitions into structured sports.
In Hungary the competitions, games and dances of traditional “folk physical-culture” were revived during the “Reform-age” of the late 1800’s. They were given new importance and symbolized a form of defiance against the foreign autocratic government. People like Count Miksa Esterházy, the founder of the Hungarian Athletics Club (MAC), who was also Hungary’s cultural attaché to London, his circle of friends and a few leaders of certain “rebellious” towns attempted to create an independent “physical-culture” based on Hungarian rural cultural literacy. To demonstrate their patriotism, people supported this campaign to save the folk-games, games of combat and traditional sports activities around the country by including them in county balls, national celebrations and rural festivals.
Between 1848 and 1941, parts of Baranta appeared in the military rulebook. During the years 1928-1941 Hungarian military officers from the Ludovika Academy began to research earlier combat techniques to be used in the training of the newly formed special operation branch. This research was later continued and further developed by Ferenc Vukics at the Kossuth Lajos Military Academy in 1991, and the first team was organized in Szentendre in 1996. The Hungarian Baranta Association was established in 2002.
Backhold of Scotland
Something about Backhold
Gouren of Brittany
Something about Gouren
Cumberland & Westmorland Wrestling (England)
Glíma of Iceland
United States Traditional Wrestling Asoc.